How do you know if you found a GOOD source of information? ASK: Is it CRAAP?
Remember, you need to weigh the factors and not just look at one.
Currency (when): is the information current enough for your needs?
- When was the information published, posted, or revised?
- How current does the information need to be for your topic?
- If you are using a website, do the links still work or are they broken?
Relevancy (what): does the information meet your research needs?
- Is the information too detailed or too advanced? Or is it not detailed enough or too basic?
- Is better information available in another source?
Authority (who): who is providing the information?
- Who wrote the article/book/website?
- Does the author or organization an expert in the field? Do they have relevant education or experience?
- If the author is unknown, who is the sponsor, publisher, or organization behind the information?
Accuracy or Reliability (where else): is the information supported?
- Are you are able to double check, verify or corroborate these facts from other sources?
- Is there a works cited so that you can verify the information given if necessary? If not, is the information the author's opinion?
- Are the sources listed reputable or just links to blogs and Wikipedia?
Purpose or Objectivity/Bias (why): why was this source created?
- What is the purpose of the information? To inform? Persuade? Sell? Entertain?
- What are the author’s assumptions or biases? Are they clearly stated?
- Does the point of view or tone appear to be objective? If not, is it clearly stated?
Meriam Library. “Evaluating information -- Applying the CRAAP test.” California State University, 17 Sept. 2010. Web. 5 Feb. 2016.
User-friendliness is another factor to consider